Step by step
This course explains what an endoscopy tower is and how it is used. An endoscopy tower is a special unit that is designed for providing visualization of an endoscopic procedure. These procedures use an endoscope to view the inside of a body cavity. A surgical procedure like this, with the use of a scope and very small incisions, is called minimally invasive surgery. The advantages of this kind of surgery are: small incisions, minimal pain, attenuated stress response, earlier return to ambulation, reduced hospital stay and fast recovery.
What these procedures have in common is that space must be created within a body cavity, which is in many procedures achieved by the use of a distension medium. Carbon dioxide insufflation is used during laparoscopic and thoracic procedures. It is also used in pelvic procedures where the preperitoneal space needs to entered.
To perform a laparoscopic procedure, a pneumoperitoneum needs to be created. A pneumoperitoneum is a space created by insufflating a gas into the peritoneal cavity. Other procedures use an irrigation fluid to expand a potential space, for example urological procedures such as a cystoscopy, or gynecological procedures such as a hysteroscopy.
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