Endoscopy Tower
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Introduction

Preface

General purpose

This course explains what an endoscopy tower is and how it is used. An endoscopy tower is a special unit that is designed for providing visualization of an endoscopic procedure. These procedures use an endoscope to view the inside of a body cavity. A surgical procedure like this, with the use of a scope and very small incisions, is called minimally invasive surgery. The advantages of this kind of surgery are: small incisions, minimal pain, attenuated stress response, earlier return to ambulation, reduced hospital stay and fast recovery.

Working mechanism

What these procedures have in common is that space must be created within a body cavity, which is in many procedures achieved by the use of a distension medium. Carbon dioxide insufflation is used during laparoscopic and thoracic procedures. It is also used in pelvic procedures where the preperitoneal space needs to entered.

To perform a laparoscopic procedure, a pneumoperitoneum needs to be created. A pneumoperitoneum is a space created by insufflating a gas into the peritoneal cavity. Other procedures use an irrigation fluid to expand a potential space, for example urological procedures such as a cystoscopy, or gynecological procedures such as a hysteroscopy.

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