Examination of the Placenta

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Examination of the placenta

General information


In this film the examination of the placenta will be demonstrated.

Examination of the placenta takes place after the placenta has been delivered. For a more detailed elaboration of the delivery of the placenta, refer to the course: ┬┤management of the third stage of labor┬┤.

Examination of a placenta should take place as soon as possible after its delivery to ascertain it is complete and none of its parts or membranes are retained in the uterus.

Performing this examination promptly and correctly decreases the chance of postpartum hemorrhage or infection.

For the examination a pair of gloves and some gauze swabs are needed. It is recommended to place the placenta on a flat surface to optimize the examination.

The placenta is a disk shaped organ of approximately 15 to 20 cm in diameter, pointed out here. As well as having an average weight of 500 to 600 gram. The placenta consists of tissue which can be seen on the maternal surface, highlighted here. It also contains an umbilical cord, shown here. The placenta contains two membranes; the chorion and the amnion, which are now lifted, and highlighted here. The placenta has a maternal surface, seen here and a fetal surface on the opposite side.

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