Posterior Retroperitoneoscopic Left Adrenalectomy
M. Fassnacht et al; Management of adrenal incidentalomas: European Society of Endocrinology Clinical Practice Guideline in collaboration with the European Network for the Study of Adrenal Tumors (Eur J Endocrinol August 2016)
Zeiger et al; American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and American Association of Endocrine Surgeons Medical Guidelines for the Management of Adrenal Incidentalomas: executive summary of recommendations (Endocr Pract. Jul. 2009)
Step by step
Retroperitoneal space approach
Mark the skin transversely over a length of approximately 2 cm just distal to the tip of the twelfth rib; and just cranial to the iliac crest, as lateral as possible.
Mark the skin longitudinally over a length of approximately 2 cm just lateral to the latissimus dorsi and just proximal to the iliac crest.
Do you want to take the test of "Posterior Retroperitoneoscopic Left Adrenalectomy"?
Try one of our offerings