Table Setting, Basic Instruments and Disposables
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Table Setting, Basic Instruments and Disposables

GUIDELINES

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Preparation

Prevention of contamination

Sterile preparation room

Ideally, setting up of table setting and preparation of instruments should be performed in a dedicated sterile preparation room in a standardized and logical manner. No other activities are performed in this room and it has a laminar down-flow ventilation system. Both these measures are designed to prevent pathogen-bearing dust particles from contaminating the sterile field. Typically a back table and Mayo stand are used to establish the sterile field upon which sterile instruments and materials can be placed.

If there is no sterile preparation room, the sterile field set up should be performed in the operating room (OR), as far away as possible from the doors so as to avoid contamination by movement of air or human traffic.

Sterile field furniture

OR furniture that is typically used to create the sterile field includes: the back table, Mayo stand and OR trolley. If a large sterile basin is used during the procedure a basin stand may also be required. This furniture should be collected and positioned ready for use – in the OR or sterile preparation room.

Table setting furniture and equipment should be placed at least 1 m from walls to prevent accidental contamination of the sterile field. The person passing materials from the unsterile area onto the sterile field should keep a distance of at least 50 cm from it. Having one’s back to the sterile field should be avoided and movements minimized and made in an economical way so as to prevent movement of particles through the air. The packaging of any sterile implement can be damaged. The integrity of all sterile packaging should be confirmed before opening.

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